Gingivitis or gum disease exists when a large amount of bacteria and food particles build up at the gum line and between the teeth. A white sticky substance called plaque is formed and begins to harden into calculus (tartar). The toxins in the tartar begin to irritate the gum causing redness, tenderness, inflammation, and bleeding, which is known as gingivitis. Over 75% have Gingivitis. It is reversible with professional cleanings and good home oral hygiene. Gingivitis is also the first stage of Periodontal disease which is irreversible.
This is often called the “silent disease or killer” of teeth. Most times you don’t know you have it until your teeth become loose and need to be pulled. A professional deep cleaning (below the gum line) is needed to rid the area of bacterial toxins that cause bone loss. With a maintenance program and good oral hygiene, we aim to prevent any further bone loss in order to keep your teeth.
These can be caused by many different factors such as infection, periodontal disease (gum and bone disease), trauma, grinding teeth, and most commonly tooth decay. A complete exam will have to be performed to determine the cause and course of treatment.
Every year over 35,000 Americans are diagnosed with oral cancer of which about 7,500 if Americans die from this disease. If oral cancer is detected early, it can be cured. This is why your dentist will perform an oral cancer screening as part of our comprehensive exam. This is a painless, quick exam where the checks for any irregular lumps or tissue changes inside and around your mouth.